The question “What is the average temperature on Mars?” is one that is asked and answered by many people worldwide. The first fact about Mars that is important to know is that it is extremely hot. There is more heat on Mars than on the surface of the planet, and the temperature has been known to vary between night and day.
The average temperature on Mars is about minus 150 degrees Fahrenheit, which are very hot, and that can be very uncomfortable for human explorers. But the planet is also extremely dry, with very low humidity. This can lead to a problem with the insulation of underground stations. That is why there is concern about the long term effects of temperature variations on the red planet. There are also concerns about the possible impact of increased atmospheric pressure on the environment, which could cause major problems.
Is the average temperature on Mars facing the sun, or is it facing an entirely different “plane”? This is very important information to know, as it can help us understand the interior dynamics of the planet. If it is facing the sun, that would imply that there is a greenhouse atmosphere, which is responsible for trapping heat, causing climate changes. However, if it is facing an entirely different “plane”, such as the solar equator, the planet would not have such an extreme climate, and temperatures would vary less.
Another question that is often asked is “How cold is Mars?” As it turns out, the coldest place on Mars is the poles, and this varies between -150 and minus 150 degrees Fahrenheit. So this too is an important question to answer, and there is a good reason for it too. When a planet is extremely cold, but also extremely warm, it is a very interesting “balance” to observe.
An example of this would be the planet Earth, which are very hot at the poles, but very cold at the poles. We are all well aware of this “divergence”. However, Mars is somewhat similar, with its average temperature being very cold at the poles, but warm at the equator. If we were to go around the planet and measure the temperature on each of the “Poles”, we would be in for a very interesting study. It would certainly provide new information about the interior dynamics of this planet.
The problem is that there are no Earth-based instruments that can take a picture of the interior of Mars. Therefore, the best way to find out is to study the magnetometer data that is on Mars. One way to determine what is the average temperature on mars is by taking magnetometer readings from different locations. If the magnetometer shows a significantly varying reading from location to location, then there is a large difference in temperature. Therefore, if we want to find out the interior temperature on Mars, we must take more than just magnetometer measurements.
We would also have to use measurements of the “air temperature” at various locations on the planet. This is very difficult to do since the atmosphere is constantly changing. What is the average temperature on mars when it is at night, is very difficult to determine. The only sure way is to take a Mars orbiter that has the ability to land at various locations and take the readings.
A second option would be to use an instrument that is able to take samples of the gases that are present in the atmosphere of Mars. This is called a gas analyzer. Once the gases have been analyzed, you would be able to determine what is the interior temperature of Mars. All of these options are extremely difficult and will require a lot of funding, but it is well worth the effort to discover if we actually have an Earth sister.