On Thursday, the state of Mississippi asked the U.S. Supreme Court to reverse a 1973 landmark ruling that acknowledged that women have a constitutional rights to an abortion.
In papers to be filed with court, Lynn Fitch, a Republican and Mississippi Attorney General, stated that Roe v. Wade and a 1992 decision that affirmed them were both “egregiously incorrect” and that states should have more freedom to restrict abortion. The court has a conservative majority of 6-3.
This was the first time Mississippi overturned Roe v. Wade. It legalized abortion across the country and ended an era when some states had prohibited the procedure.
Fitch stated that it was time for the court “to set this right” and to return the political debate to the political parts of government.
Mississippi is one of numerous Republican-governed states in recent years to have passed ever-more-restrictive abortion laws
Mississippi wants to revive its Republican-backed law banning abortion after 15 weeks. Lower courts ruled against 2018 law. Legislators made it with full knowledge of Roe v. Wade in mind.
Religious conservatives have long sought to repeal Roe v. Wade. This court recognized that women’s rights to privacy and constitutional rights to abortion are protected by the Constitution. In Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania (Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania) v. Casey in 1992, the court affirmed the ruling and banned laws that put an “undue hardship” on women’s right to have an abortion.
Roe v. Wade stated that states cannot ban abortions before the viability the fetus outside of the womb. Doctors generally consider this to be between 24 and 28 weeks. Mississippi’s law would prohibit abortion earlier than that. Other states support laws that ban abortion even earlier.
Opponents of abortion are optimistic that the Supreme Court will limit or overturn Roe V. Wade. A conservative majority of the court includes Justice Amy Coney Barrett, a former Republican President Donald Trump’s appointee. She replaces liberal Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg who was an abortion rights advocate and died in September.
The justices would need to consider a number of factors if they were to overturn their abortion precedents. For example, women have known for nearly 50 years that they have the legal right and the right to have an abortion.
The United States continues to be divided on abortion, just like in other countries. It is opposed by many Christians, including conservative Christians. According to the Guttmacher Institute, abortion rates in the United States have been steadily declining since the 1980s. They are now at their lowest level ever recorded.
A federal judge ruled against Mississippi in 2018. This was after Jackson Women’s Health Organization sued the state to stop the ban for 15 weeks. New Orleans’ 5th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, 2019 – The same conclusion