Forex trading on Phone and a Big Screen

How Foreign Exchange Markets Differ from Others

There are fewer guidelines to follow.

There aren’t as many rules in this market as in the stock, futures, and options markets. FX trading lacks clearinghouses and centralised authorities. The fact that you are never genuinely shorting a currency in forex means you may short-sell at any moment.

Commissions and fees

Brokers’ charges vary substantially since the industry is unregulated. For the most part, forex brokers profit by increasing the spread between different currency pairings. Charge a commission, which varies according to the volume of currency exchanged. Brokers may employ either method.

Access to All

If you want to trade, there’s no limit on when you may do so. You may trade at any time because the market is open 24 hours a day. Financial centres throughout the world remain closed on weekends and public holidays.


Leverage in the currency market may go up to 50:1 in the United States and considerably higher in other countries. An investor can deposit $1,000 and purchase or sell up to $50,000 in currencies with that account. Profits and losses are both amplified by using leverage.


Going long or short is a matter of choice.

Although CFDs are used to short other markets, short selling is an intrinsic component of FX trading. You have to sell the quoted one first (the base currency) to buy another currency. The value of one base currency in the quoted currency determines a forex pair’s pricing.

hours of the forex market

Every day, the foreign exchange market is open from 9 p.m. Sunday until 10 p.m. Friday; forex can be exchanged around the clock (GMT). Over-the-counter (OTC) exchanges do not execute currency transactions; instead, parties deal with each other directly. It’s possible to take advantage of diverse trading hours in the FX market because it is a genuinely global market.

The FX market has a high level of liquidity.

The FX market is the most liquid globally since there are so many buyers and sellers at any given time. Over $5 trillion in cash is exchanged by individuals, businesses, and institutions, almost all of whom are in it for the money.

Currency trading is done quickly and effectively because of the strong liquidity, which results in low transaction costs. A few pips of market change give possibilities for traders to speculate.

Inflationary pressures

As a result, the price changes of some currencies are particularly volatile due to the enormous amount of currency trades each day. Speculating on price changes in either direction can yield huge returns. Risk management is critical in times of market volatility since the market may swiftly turn against you if you don’t take steps to reduce your exposure.

Using leverage, you may get more value for your money.

CFDs on foreign exchange pairings are available through IG. As a result of the leverage inherent with CFDs, your funds can go further. You can initiate a trade in the currency market using leverage by putting down only a tiny percentage up-front (a margin deposit).

Invest in a wide range of currencies

Trading a wide range of currency pairs in forex allows you to bet on global events and the strength of major and minor economies.

IG, for example, has over 90 currency pairings to pick from.

Forex can be used as a currency hedge.

Hedging reduces the risk of losses in the foreign exchange market by taking numerous positions with different strategies. Hedging may be a valuable method to mitigate losses or restrict losses to a known amount, even if volatility is part of what makes trading so interesting.


Although there are others, hedging using various currency pairings is one of the most prevalent methods. Limit your downside risk by trading positively correlated currency pairings like GBP/USD and EUR/USD but in the opposite direction of the pair’s price movement.