• On Thursday, Vice President Kamala Harris presented a comprehensive strategy to address the root causes behind migration in the wake of the recent increase in illegal U.S.–Mexico border crossings.
  • This strategy promises to make more sustained efforts towards addressing migration motivations, and refocus engagement with Central America.
  • In February, President Joe Biden requested a White House “Collaborative Migratory Management Strategy.” It describes how the U.S. and other countries will collaborate to “manage safe and orderly migration” in North America and Central America.Vice President Kamala Harris released a sweeping strategy on Thursday to address the root causes of migration amid the recent surge in illegal U.S.-Mexico border crossings.

    According to the strategy, the “extreme weather conditions” and pandemic have contributed to the migration’s root causes, including corruption, violence, and poverty.

    This announcement comes at a time when the administration is facing a crisis at its southern border, with recent spikes in migrant detentions to 20-year highs.

    According to the U.S., more than 1.1million apprehensions were recorded in the first six months this fiscal year. According to the U.S., more than 1.1 million apprehensions have been recorded during the first six months of this fiscal year.

    Harris pointed out that while the Biden administration sent millions of hurricane relief and vaccines to Central America, it was not enough to relieve suffering over the long-term.





    Instead, the vice-president’s strategy promises to make more sustained efforts at addressing motivations for migration, and refocus engagement with Central America.

    “In Central America, the root causes of migration run deep — and migration from the region has a direct impact on the United States,” Harris wrote in a cover letter discussing the plan. “Our nation must engage consistently with the region in order to address the hardships that lead people to migrate to the United States from Central America.”

    Earlier this year, President Joe Biden tapped Harris to lead the administration’s diplomatic efforts to address the causes of migration from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras, and she visited the U.S.-Mexico border in June as a part of those efforts.

    The strategy is the vice president’s most recent step to address these root causes, and is a core component of the Biden administration’s broader plan released Tuesday to establish a “fair, orderly and humane immigration system.”

    Although the plan is broken down into five main pillars, it doesn’t provide any details or recommendations on how to proceed. These pillars are addressing economic insecurity, addressing inequality, fighting democratic corruption, and promoting respect of human rights.

    This plan addresses gang violence, crimes, as well as combating gender-based and sexual violence.

    Harris pointed out that the United Nations, Mexico, Japan, and South Korea have all committed to working together to reduce the migration from Central America.


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    Harris stated in the letter that “the United States cannot accomplish this work alone.” “Our Strategy is broad-based and focuses on our partnerships, including with other governments, international organizations, businesses, foundations, civil society, and civil societies.”

    On Tuesday, the White House also released a “Collaborative Migration Management Strategy,” which President Joe Biden ordered in February. It describes how the U.S. and other countries will collaborate to manage safe, orderly, and humane migration in North and Central America.

    These efforts include increasing job opportunities and protections for migrants in countries that are not able to provide them with asylum, border management that is safe and humane, and more legal routes to the U.S.