What time does Atlantic hurricane season begin and last for? What can people do to be prepared for the worst storms? We’ll cover everything you need to know about the hurricane season, including hurricane naming conventions and staying safe during a storm. The 2021 Atlantic hurricane season will bring more activity than average, which could mean more severe storms.
What is a hurricane?
Tropical cyclones are hurricanes. A tropical cyclone is a storm that has sustained winds of 39 to 73 mph (63-118 km/h). It gets its name from the World Meteorological Organization. A Category 1 hurricane is formed when sustained winds reach 74-95 mph (119-153 km/h). Here are the sustained winds for hurricanes in categories 2-5 according to the Saffir-Simpson Scale:
- Category 2: 96-110 mph (154-177 km/h).
- Category 3: 111 – 129 mph (178 – 208 km/h).
- Category 4: 130 – 156 mph (209 – 251 km/h).
- Category 5: 157 mph (or higher) (252 km/h, or higher).
2021 Named Storms
2021 Named Storms and Hurricanes
- Tropical storm Ana: May 22nd, northeast of Bermuda
- Tropical storm Bill: June 14, southeast Halifax, Nova Scotia
- Tropical storm Claudette, June 17, Gulf Coast
- Tropical storm Danny: June 28 makes landfall north of Hilton Head, South Carolina on Pritchards Island.
- Hurricane Elsa: July 2, eastern Caribbean as a Category 1 hurricane Hurricane Elsa July 2, eastern Caribbean, as a Category1 hurricane
How do hurricanes form?
Hurricanes are the most violent storms on Earth, according to NASA. According to NASA, hurricanes are the most destructive storms on earth. Hurricanes are powered by heat and water. Hurricanes are created by the warm waters over the Equator.
This is where the atmosphere above the ocean’s surface absorbs heat and moisture. The hot air rises and leaves the lower pressure area below it. This process repeats as air from higher pressure areas moves into the lower pressure area, heats up, and rises, in turn, producing swirls in the air, according to NASA. This happens again as the hot air rises and moves into the lower pressure region.This hot air condenses into clouds once it reaches enough height in the atmosphere. The swirling vortex of clouds and air grows larger and more intense, and it can eventually become a thunderstorm.